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Introduction to the Structure of Flotation Machine

The flotation concentrator is one of the most important flotation plants in the ore beneficiation industry since its performance will directly influence the separating effect of the minerals. This machine is mainly used for separating copper, zinc, lead, nickel, gold and other kind of non-ferrous metals and it can also be used for coarse separating and concentrating black metals and non-metal materials.

Flotation concentrator

Working Principle of Celle Flotation:

This machine runs by the triangle belt of the electrical motor driving the impellor to rotate, producing centrifugal effect which will form negative pressure, and on one hand it will absorb sufficient air in order to mix with the pulp, and on the other hand it will mix the pulp in order to mix with the reagents, and at the same time will refine the foam in order to stick the minerals onto the foam, and float on the surface of the pulp in order to become mineralization foam. The workers can adjust the height of the flashboard and control the liquid level in order to scrap the useful foam.

Structural Features of Flotation Concentrator:

The flotation concentrator is mainly composed by pulp supporting chute, mixing device, air charging system, mineralization foam discharging device and electric motor.

1. Pulp supporting chute: There is pulp feeding mouth and gate device which is used for adjusting the pulp level on it, and it is mainly composed by the chute body which is melt by the steel board and gate melt by the steel board and steel rod.

2. Mixing device: It is mainly used for mixing the pulp in order to prevent the mineral sand to deposit on the chute, and it is mainly composed by the belt wheel, impeller, vertical shaft and the impeller is made of the anti-abrasion rubber.

3. Air charging system: It is mainly composed by the inlet air pipe. When the impeller rotates, there will produce negative pressure inside the impeller chamber in order to absorb air through the hollow pump line and disperse the pulp in order to form a bubble group. This kind of pulp with large quantity of bubbles will be thrown to the stator fast by the rotary force of the impeller and further mineralize the bubbles in the pulp, and the rotary movement that is meant to eliminate the pulp flow in the flotation cell will cause large quantity of microvesicle and provide necessary condition for the flotation process.

4. Mineralization foam discharging device: This device is mainly used for scarping the foam floating on the cell and it is mainly composed by the reducer driven by the electric motor and scrapper driven by the reducer.

The necessary equipment for the flotation separation process mainly includes jaw crusher, ball mill, classifier, magnetic separator, flotation machine, concentrator and dryer machine, and equipped with ore feeding machine and elevator, it will form a complete ore dressing production line. This production line has many advantages such as high efficiency, low energy consumption, high processing capacity and economical and reasonable. There are many models of the cell flotation, so that the customers should adopt different flotation separation process according to different dressing needs.

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